TEN THREATS TO GLOBAL HEALTH IN 2019 REPORTED BY WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

  

Our world gradually steps forward to health improvements and developments, but it's still in professional concerns and worries toward people's safety and health in the matter of epidemic disease, health coverage and fatal diseases with unknown remedies under researches.

Global health providers and researchers are still concerned about drug-resistant pathogens, growing rates of obesity and physical inactivity as a result of  technological developments and health menace for environmental pollutions and climate change which causes great impact on our world, threatening the future of life. ...more

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Lack of medical access and basic needs

More than 1.6 billion people (22% of the global population) live in places where protracted crises (through a combination of challenges such as drought, famine, conflict, and population displacement) and weak health services leave them without access to basic care. ...more

Dengue, a mosquito-borne disease that causes flu-like symptoms and can be lethal and kill up to 20% of those with severe dengue, has been a growing threat for decades. ...more

Yet many countries do not have adequate primary health care facilities

Primary health care is usually the first point of contact people have with their health care system, and ideally should provide comprehensive, affordable, community-based care throughout life. ...more

Climate change concerns world health organizations

WHO-Nine out of ten people breathe polluted air every day. In 2019, air pollution is considered by WHO as the greatest environmental risk to health. Microscopic pollutants in the air can penetrate respiratory and circulatory systems, damaging the lungs, heart and brain, killing 7 million people prematurely every year from diseases such as cancer, stroke, heart and lung disease. Around 90% of these deaths are in non-developed countries, with high volumes of emissions from industry, transport and agriculture, as well as dirty cookstoves and fuels in homes.
The primary cause of air pollution is also a major contributor to climate change, which impacts people’s health in different ways. Between 2030 and 2050, climate change is expected to cause 250 000 additional deaths per year, from malnutrition, malaria, diarrhoea and heat stress.

In October 2018, WHO held its first ever Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health in Geneva. Countries and organizations made more than 70 commitments to improve air quality. This year, the United Nations Climate Summit in September will aim to strengthen climate action and ambition worldwide. Even if all the commitments made by countries for the Paris Agreement are achieved, the world is still on a course to warm by more than 3°C this century.

       HIV

The progress made against HIV has been enormous in terms of getting people tested, providing them with antiretrovirals (22 million are on treatment), and providing access to preventive measures such as a pre-exposure prophylaxis ...more

WHO- Non contagious diseases, such as diabetes, cancer and heart disease, causing over 70% of all deaths worldwide, including 15 million people died prematurely caused by indicated diseases in ages between 30 and 69.

In 2016, 40.5 million deaths of the 56.9 million global deaths (71%) were due to NCDs.

In 2008 cardiovascular diseases brought up 17 million deaths. Cancers killed ...more

Global Influenza Pandemic

The world will face another influenza pandemic – the only thing we don’t know is when it will hit and how severe it will be. Global defences are only as effective as the weakest link in any country’s health emergency preparedness and response system. ...more

Antimicrobial resistance

The development of antibiotics, antivirals and antimicrobial are some of modern medicine’s greatest successes. Now, time with these drugs is running out. Antimicrobial resistance – the ability of bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi to resist these medicines ...more

Ebola and other high-threat pathogens

In 2018, the Democratic Republic of the Congo saw two separate Ebola outbreaks, both of which spread to cities of more than 1 million people. One of the affected provinces  is also in an active conflict zone. ...more

Vaccine hesitancy – the reluctance or refusal to vaccinate despite the availability of vaccines – threatens to reverse progress made in tackling vaccine-preventable diseases. Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective ways of avoiding disease – it currently prevents 2-3 million deaths a year, and a further 1.5 million ...more

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